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Sectors

Clients from many different branches of commerce and industry trust the proficiency of Kleeberg.

With our many years’ experience we have gained an intimate knowledge of a number of sectors, and understand both the legal framework and the competitive environment.

This insight allows us to find dependable solutions to their individual problems quickly.

Agriculture and forestry

The agriculture and forestry sector represents a significant economic factor in Germany. It is responsible for supplying the population reliably – not only with food, but increasingly with renewable raw materials too. The process of globalisation, however, has exposed agriculture and forestry to ever more acute competition.

Kleeberg is the competent, reliable and innovative partner to companies from this sector. As a consultant and auditor, we guide clients through the corporate structuring process and tax-related profit assessment, for example. We point out possible tax concessions, such as the reduced tax rates in forestry, depreciation in value of forests and damage caused by natural disasters. We also support our clients in questions to do with differentiating among agriculture and forestry activities, e.g. those that are for neither strictly commercial nor hobby purposes. Together we develop strategies for the transfer of assets in the context of succession planning and for the alternative development and exploitation of real estate used for agriculture.

Our sector experts in the areas of audit, tax and advisory look forward to supporting you.

Construction and Properties

The construction industry is currently still going through a consolidation phase. The underlying conditions for companies have not improved lastingly. The real estate industry is also faced with considerable challenges. Of significance here are privatisation endeavours as well as an extensive search for ways to make profitable use of real estate that is not required for operations. People are recognising increasingly that strategic real estate management can make a significant contribution to the support of the core business both for private and public companies.

Kleeberg is the competent, reliable and innovative partner to clients from the construction and property sector. We support our clients in tackling issues of real-estate taxation and accounting as well as in tax-related questions about property funds. We also offer advice for real-estate transactions and strategic decisions about the choice of location. Our comprehensive advisory approach includes the definition of a portfolio management system. We offer assistance in tax-related evaluation of real-estate assets in preparation for succession, answer tax-related questions on investment in listed buildings and accompany the transfer of real estate from the company to private assets and vice versa.

Our sector experts in the areas of audit, tax and advisory look forward to supporting you.

Trade and consumer goods

In the retail trade, stagnating markets are setting the stage for intense cutthroat competition, as concentration increases. Globalisation and changing consumer behaviour are contributing to a shortening of product cycles and entail high risks. Companies must respond with flexible structures and greater innovativeness. On top of the economic challenges there are stricter legislative requirements to deal with, such as in product labelling.

Kleeberg is the competent, reliable and innovative partner to commercial enterprises and consumer goods manufacturers. In addition to classic auditing and tax advisory services, we offer our clients advice in location management, in questions of pricing policy, in the structuring of discounts and terms of business as well as in trademark protection. We also support them comprehensively in brand valuation. Beyond that we contribute to tax optimisation and reduction along the entire value chain.Our sector experts in the areas of audit, tax and advisory look forward to supporting you.

Electronics and software

The IT and software sector is constantly reporting new sales records, a trend that is expected to continue. The continuous development of technology and the convergence of systems creates very promising prospects for the companies in the sector: their offerings are reaching an ever wider audience, creating hungry new markets. Parallel to the investments in electronic equipment and hardware components, software systems are also displaying a positive development. IT security in particular is becoming increasingly important.

Kleeberg is the competent, reliable and innovative partner to companies in the area of electronics and software. Our extensive knowledge of the sector allows us not only to keep step with the dynamic developments, but to act with foresight too. We support our clients, for example, in issues of revenue recognition or dealing with the intangible assets that are so significant for the software industry. Beyond that we solve specific issues in connection with e-commerce, especially tax-related.

Our sector experts in the areas of audit, tax and advisory look forward to supporting you.

Energy industry

The sphere of activity of the energy industry is expanding: beside the classic forms of energy generation such as coal or nuclear power stations, numerous alternatives have arisen in the area of regenerative energies. There is huge potential in hydroelectric power, wind energy, solar energy and wood. Companies whose operations focus on “renewable energy” are benefiting from a favourable environment in the sector and moreover enjoying a great deal of attention on the capital market.

Kleeberg is the competent, reliable and innovative partner to the energy industry. The broad spectrum of services includes the solving of energy specific accounting issues – such as how to show exploration costs and emissions rights in the balance sheets – as well as specific advice in connection with subsidy laws like the renewable energies law. We help our clients appraise energy companies and plants and examine the liberalised access to power networks. Beyond that we offer help in drafting concepts for environmental or sustainability reports.

Our sector experts in the areas of audit, tax and advisory look forward to supporting you.

The results of our sector study in which we and our cooperation partner, Kuhn, Kammann & Kuhn AG, analysed the accounting and the communications of selected companies in the energy industry from a broad perspective are available here [in German].

Family office

Financial services for wealthy customers call for independence, professionalism, individuality and an extensive range of services. Only then is it possible to cater for all the client’s interests and find optimum solutions every time. The family office is characterised by a comprehensive financial service – often over generations. After all, for the families of entrepreneurs, nobility and discriminating private customers, the transfer of assets to the next generation is a task that requires advisors with empathy and foresight.

Kleeberg is the competent, reliable and innovative partner for this client group. In the family office we support individuals, family associations and groups of entrepreneurs in tax structuring and tax optimisation, e.g. in the context of investment decisions. In succession planning for private assets and companies we draw up individual solutions, and provide advice in structuring wills, inheritance and marriage contracts, anticipated inheritances and gifts.

Our sector experts in the areas of audit, tax and advisory look forward to supporting you.

Financial services

Financial service providers operate in a dynamic environment. The regulatory framework is constantly evolving – through changes in fiscal and corporate law, through technological advancements and extensive regulatory and commercial-law requirements. For the companies in this sector, overcoming the resulting specific challenges demands investment and consumes resources.

Kleeberg is the competent, reliable and innovative partner to providers of financial services. We possess comprehensive knowledge of the sector relevant to the auditing and advising of financial services companies of various sizes and with various legal structures. Our service ranges from competent advice in the implementation of changes in accounting regulations, to the settling of company-specific issues, via fiscal and regulatory advisory services. Furthermore we advise our clients in the structuring and launch of new services and products.

Our sector experts in the areas of audit, tax and advisory look forward to supporting you.

The results of our sector study in which we and our cooperation partner, Kuhn, Kammann & Kuhn AG, analysed the accounting and the communications of selected companies in the financial services sector from a broad perspective are available here [in German].

Health service

An efficient health service is tremendously important for society and for the individual. But with the current economic climate, especially the cost situation, clinics and health care establishments are faced with considerable challenges. Increasing competitive pressure and shrinking budgets make it essential, but not at all easy, to safeguard long-term profitability.

Kleeberg is the competent, reliable and innovative partner to the health industry. Our staff have many years’ experience in auditing and advising establishments in the health service. They are familiar with the details of the legislation relevant to financing and accounting – such as the Social Insurance Code and hospital financing laws. We advise in the conceptual design of new facilities and analyse existing facilities, draft tax concepts and help in the optimisation of the overall structure. In addition we support our clients in the creation of compulsory quality reports for hospitals.

Our sector experts in the areas of audit, tax and advisory look forward to supporting you.

The results of our sector study in which we and our cooperation partner, Kuhn, Kammann & Kuhn AG, analysed the accounting and the communications of selected companies in health care from a broad perspective are available here [in German].

Industrial production

Germany’s manufacturing industry has earned the leading position it enjoys on the world markets. In order to maintain their cutting edge, the automotive, machine and plant construction industries must meet high, dynamically changing expectations. These include speedier project settlements, taking on support commitments, drawing up and participating in financing schemes as well as buy-back agreements. The trend towards concentration coupled with growing product diversification creates specific opportunities and risks in industrial production.

Kleeberg is the competent, reliable and innovative partner to the manufacturing industry. To help our clients successfully exploit the opportunities offered by globalisation and technical advances, we support them in mergers, in national and international transactions as well as restructuring measures. We also advise them in the choice of the most suitable financial solution as well as in the structure of the ideal financing mix. Not least we are also a competent partner when it comes to the proper portrayal of patents in the financial statement or specific issues such as multiple-element contracts.

Our sector experts in the areas of audit, tax and advisory look forward to supporting you.

The results of our sector study in which we and our cooperation partner, Kuhn, Kammann & Kuhn AG, analysed the accounting and the communications of selected companies in industrial production from a broad perspective are available here [in German].

Media and publishing

Film and media companies and publishing houses are finding themselves in a difficult competitive environment – this is demonstrated by the considerable reduction in the number of competitors. Issues of pricing and rights trading, measures safeguarding liquidity, and the need to make reliable prognoses, lead to particular requirements with regard to internal monitoring and surveillance mechanisms, balance sheet representation and financial market communication.

Kleeberg is the competent, reliable and innovative partner to the media and publishing industries. We look after clients from the entire spectrum of the media-specific value chain. We answer tax-related questions with respect to Article 50a of the Income Tax Law (EStG), offer support in connection with film funding and in developing concepts for film funds. On the basis of our detailed sector expertise we settle the evaluation of film and publisher rights and issues of revenue recognition.

Our sector experts in the areas of audit, tax and advisory look forward to supporting you.

The results of our sector study in which we and our cooperation partner, Kuhn, Kammann & Kuhn AG, analysed the accounting and the communications of selected companies in the media and publishing sector from a broad perspective are available here [in German].

Non-profit organisations

As a result of the rise in citizens' expectations, public authorities are forced to perform a constantly growing number of tasks – with stagnating or dwindling financial means. In order to tackle this challenge, far-reaching modernisation is necessary on the level of government, state and local authority. For us, however, non-profit organisations do not only include government departments, but also charitable trusts and associations.

Kleeberg is the competent, reliable and innovative partner to non-profit organisations. We are thoroughly acquainted with the unique issues involved in accounting for non-profit organisations. We are also able to help with audits of resource allocation and look after the switch to commercial accounting. We support our clients in working out an assets and liabilities structure, or a company structure optimised from the organisational, tax and legal angle. We provide assistance in optimising administrative processes and in process and cost management. Moreover we also advise our clients in matters relating to setting aside permissible reserves as well as in asset transfers.

Our sector experts in the areas of audit, tax and advisory look forward to supporting you.

Public undertakings

Public undertakings and enterprises of the public sector (which includes companies formed under private law with the participation of public authorities, known as public private partnerships) are confronted with increasingly complex issues and problems. The many issues relevant for public undertakings are, for instance, the general requirements such as economic efficiency, effectiveness or transparency as well as special challenges (e.g. the conversion to double-entry bookkeeping (“Doppik”), ensuring “good” public corporate governance or examining the use of funds). Valuation issues – e.g. in connection with the sale of participations by public authorities – are also becoming a focus of interest.

Kleeberg is your competent point of contact for all these different issues. In all of the special areas concerning public undertakings, we have the sector expertise and practical experience to support you individually, professionally and competently.

Our sector experts in the areas of tax, audit, advisory and legal look forward to supporting you.

Private equity

The potential for private-equity transactions is by no means exhausted: corporations are seeking buyers for areas that are not part of their core business; from the investors’ point of view, the fragmentation taking place in many sectors offers opportunities for consolidation and achieving economies of scale. Rising interest rates as well as a relatively high price level, however, are forcing investors to play a far more active role in shaping the future of the companies they hold stakes in.

Kleeberg is the competent, reliable and innovative partner to the whole mergers and acquisitions process. We support our clients in matters of taxation, but no less so in the evaluation of companies and equity holdings. We help with the tax-optimised integration of financial interests in the company portfolio at home and abroad, settle integration issues and accompany the restructuring.

Our sector experts in the areas of audit, tax and advisory look forward to supporting you.

Shipping companies

With clockwork regularity the shipping industry overcomes major crises from which new opportunities can arise. The shipping companies that proactively face these challenges often emerge from these situations stronger than before, at times having undergone fundamental changes. The wave of outflagging was followed by the return of shipping companies after the introduction of the tonnage tax already known outside Germany. Shipping companies ordered a higher number of new ships, the chartering of which sharply fell in the economic crisis since 2008 or has even completely stopped.

Kleeberg has many years of experience in this sector. Due to our contacts in Hamburg and London, we are able to provide support in the acquisition of new or second-hand ships.

Apart from tax opinions for issuing prospectuses for one-ship companies or fleet funds, Kleeberg also prepares the tax returns of shipping companies during ongoing operations. On account of our knowledge of the sector-specific features of the audit of the annual financial statements of shipping companies, we can always reduce their duration to the minimum necessary. For shipping companies in critical situations, Kleeberg devises rescue plans and supports their implementation.

Tourism

The tourism industry is currently in upheaval. Since the attacks of 11 September 2001 the industry has recovered, but is still going through a further concentration process. Tourism companies are having to grapple with increasingly complex issues, such as brand management, mergers and acquisitions, structuring of real estate portfolios and new technologies. And all the time they are faced with consumers’ growing price consciousness.

Kleeberg is the competent, reliable and innovative partner to tourism companies. We advise in questions of company structure and corporate development – where decisions about geographical location play a key role. We accompany corporate takeovers and restructuring. Our advice is based on sound knowledge of the industry-specific tax problems.

Our sector experts in the areas of audit, tax and advisory look forward to supporting you.